Global temperature has increased at the rate of 0.18°C per decade since 1981, which is twice as great as the rates recorded previously.
Due to the increase in temperature, glaciers and icecaps are melting. In 2018, the volume of melted ice was around 4 feet (1,247 millimeters) of water.
The melting ice alarmingly increases sea levels by one-eighth of an inch every year.
Low-lying coastal landscapes are threatened by the rising sea levels as they could be submerged under water.
Ocean surface temperature has also increased by 0.13°C over the last century, and it is expected to rise by 1-4°C by 2100, if the current rate continues.
5 real-life effects of climate change
What you need to know:
Seasons have become erratic and weather patterns have changed. We experience shorter intense bursts of precipitation, and extreme temperature fluctuations. Bushfires and heatwaves are more common, frequent, and intense than before. There is an alternating occurrence of droughts and floods.
Warmer oceans and ocean acidification have caused the death of more than 50% of the coral reefs in the Great Barrier Reef.
Forest cover is rapidly depleting due to forest fires.
Many species of biodiversity are on the verge of extinction due to the impacts of climate change.
Poor air quality in urban areas has led to increase in the number of respiratory and skin diseases.
5 ways you can impact climate change
What you need to know:
Walk, cycle, or take public transport whenever possible This is a great way to stay fit and save the environment too.
Grow a garden at home and plant more trees The temperature in urban areas is significantly higher than areas with green cover. This is known as the urban heat island effect. Trees also serve as sources of carbon sinks which absorb and store the carbon-dioxide produced.
Switch to clean renewable energy Install solar panels at homes and workplaces. It is a one-time investment and worth the satisfaction of contributing to saving the environment. In big industries, wind energy can also do the job.
Reduce food waste Food waste in landfills is a major contributor of green-house gases. Look for ideas on how to reduce food waste at home.
Change your diet Reducing your consumption of meat and dairy can cause a reduction in green-house gas emissions.